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Shanaya Maryam

Affective Disorders: Types, Incidence, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Rating scales

Affective Disorders The most important feature of an affective disorder is an alteration in mood and depression.The most common presentation of symptoms is that of a low mood or depression. Less commonly, the mood swings may be high or elated, as in mania. Types Of Affective Disorder Depression Everyone in the normal course of daily life will experience alterations in ...

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Pain: Definition, Etiology, Management, Treatment

Pain

Pain is an unpleasant emotional and sensory sensation which is actually or potentially damages the tissue or described in terms of such damage. Etiology and Neurophysiology Neuroanatomy of pain transmission The majority of tissues and organs are innervated by special sensory receptors (nociceptors) connected to primary afferent nerve fibers of differing diameters. Small myelinated Aδ fibers and unmyelinated C fibers ...

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Parkinson’s Disease: Symptoms, Incidence, Causes, Diagnosis, Treatment

Incidence Of Parkinson's disease

What is Parkinson’s Disease Parkinson’s disease is the most common cause of Parkinsonism and is the second most common neurodegenerative disease, after Alzheimer’s disease. Although descriptions of the condition appeared before the nineteenth century, it was James Parkinson’s eloquent account in 1817 that fully documented the clinical features of the illness now bearing his name. The identification of dopamine deficiency ...

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Coronary Heart Disease: Incidence, Prevalence, Symptoms, Risk Factors, Diagnosis, Treatment

Coronary Heart Disease

Coronary heart disease (CHD), sometimes described as coronary artery disease (CAD) or ischaemic heart disease (IHD), is a condition in which the vascular supply to the heart is impeded by atheroma, thrombosis or spasm of coronary arteries. This may impair the supply of oxygenated blood to cardiac tissue sufficiently to cause myocardial ischemia which, if severe or prolonged, may cause ...

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Dyslipidemia: Causes, Risk Assessment, Lifestyle Changes, Treatment

Dyslipidemia

lesterol (TC) and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) increase the risk of an individual developing cardiovascular disease (CVD). In contrast, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol (HDL-C) confers protection against CVD, with the risk reducing as HDL-C increases. It is, therefore, clear that the term hyperlipidaemia, which was formerly used to describe disorders of lipoprotein metabolism, is inappropriate. It is more appropriate to use ...

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Constipation: Introduction, Incidence, Causes, Diagnosis, Management and Treatment

Constipation

Introduction Over 90% of people in Western population defecate between three times a day and once every 3 days. It is clear, therefore, that to base a definition of constipation on frequency alone is problematic. What is perceived to be constipation by one individual may be normal to another? Most definitions of constipation include infrequent bowel action of twice a ...

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Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian Syndrome is a condition in which the affected individual sex hormones fluctuate with menstrual cycle during this condition male sex hormones called androgens are increased in number and female sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. This changes in the hormones levels lead to a formation of a large number of small cysts in the ...

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Adenomyosis- Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Home Remedies

Adenomyosis- Risk factors, Symptoms, Diagnosis, Treatment, Home Remedies

Adenomyosis is a condition in which the inward covering of the uterus (the endometrium) gets through the muscle mass of the uterus (the myometrium). Adenomyosis can bring about menstrual issues, abdominal pain, and bloat before menstrual periods and can bring about heavy and painful periods. It can also cause longer than expected menstrual bleeding. The condition can be situated all ...

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Dyspepsia: Definition, Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment

Treatment For Dyspepsia

Dyspepsia, otherwise called acid reflux or upset stomach, is a term that portrays distress or agony in the upper belly. It is not an illness. A dyspepsia is a gathering of side effects which frequently incorporate bloating, sickness and burping. Heartburn or indigestion is normally created by stomach acid coming into contact with the mucosa of the digestive system – ...

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Headache: Symptoms,Types,Treatment and Home Remedies

Headache

Migraines and different sorts of headaches, for example, a strain headache and sinus headache, are agonizing. Migraine symptoms incorporate a beating headache, sickness, heavy, and light affectability and are treated with antinausea drugs and OTC or preventive prescriptions. A headache cures incorporate agony relievers. Symptoms Of Headache and Migraine There is a wide range of sorts of headaches. In spite ...

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