Sunday , 26 November 2023

Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

Polycystic ovarian Syndrome is a condition in which the affected individual sex hormones fluctuate with menstrual cycle during this condition male sex hormones called androgens are increased in number and female sex hormones called estrogen and progesterone are out of balance. This changes in the hormones levels lead to a formation of a large number of small cysts in the ovaries of the affected women so it is given the name Polycystic ovary Syndrome. This condition not only affects the internal body system but also affects the appearance of the sufferer can also lead to cardiac failure and also infertility.

Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)
Poly cystic Ovarian Syndrome (PCOS)

This condition is brought about changes in the menstrual cycle leading to irregular or no menstruation. According to the survey, every 1 in 10 women is affected at their reproductive age. Currently, they are about 5 million sufferers of PCOS in the US. To avoid long-term problems the condition needs to be diagnosed and treated at an earlier stage of the condition.

Cause Of PCOS

The actual cause for this condition is still not known but the following factors can cause this endocrine disorder:
Increase level of androgens: Androgens are actually male sex hormones and increase in its level affects the egg production the woman
Excess of insulin and its resistance: Increase of insulin level in the body causes an increase in a level of androgens.
Improper diet and environmental toxins impact on this disorder.

Signs and Symptoms Of PCOS

The individual affected with this condition might have some or all of the following symptoms.
improper diet

Irregular menstrual cycle.

No menstruation.

Excessive body and facial hair (hirsutism)

Production of many cysts in the ovary.

The increase in body weight or obese individual.

Hormonal imbalance.

Heavy bleeding during menses.

Spotting between the periods.

Anovulatory cycles.

Recurrent miscarriage.

Hormonal imbalance

Mood swings

Health risk associated with this condition are:


Increased risk of endometrial and breast cancer due to unopposed estrogen.

Cardiac arrest.

Diabetes and also gestational diabetes.

Diagnosis Of PCOS

PCOS can be diagnosed through the following tests:

Your doctor might check the level of pituitary and ovarian hormones like progesterone,estrogen,prolactin and LH, FSH.

Total endometrial biopsy.

They also go through thyroid test and also check insulin level.

Pelvic is thoroughly examined through ultrasound scan to check production of cysts.

Changes in the physical appearance of overweight, acne, and growth of hair on face

Treatment For PCOS

PCOS can not be cured completely but it can be kept in control through moderate exercise and proper diet and proper care of the body.

Pharmacologic approach

Oral contraceptive pills or birth control pills can help to get periods on time every month.

Hormonal medications are used to control the level of hormones in the body.

Clomid has commonly used medication for PCOS woman to get pregnant because it helps them to ovulate.

Ovarian drilling is done to break innumerable cysts in the ovaries which done as laparoscopic surgery.

Insulin level can be kept in control by use of metformin which helps in controlling diabetes.

Nonpharmacologic Treatment

By following PCOS fertility diet and regular exercise can keep the woman fit and avoid any health complication due to this condition.

Benefits Of PCOS Diet

It leads to spontaneous ovulation and also increases the rate of production of female hormones.

It helps in healthy conception.

It improves the condition of the uterus and prepares it for implantation.

It decreases the chances of miscarriage.

It decreases the level of insulin and avoids the risk of diabetes.

The following are the steps to be followed for PCOS fertility diet:

Increase the amount of protein in your diet by consuming protein-rich foods like quinoa, brown rice, brown bread.

Avoid consumption of high carbohydrate food like rice, white flour, and potato and also manufactured food items and bakery products.

Eat food products which have low glycemic food index like almonds, walnuts, broccoli, beans, apples, grapes, asparagus.

Avoid starchily and sugary food products which have a high glycemic index like milk products, cakes, bakes, jams, cookies, pasta, soda, and alcohol.

Consume food which is high in fiber which not only breaks the insulin production in the body but also increases the level of estrogen.

Plan eating five times a day by focussing on proteins, fibers, grain and healthy fruits and veggies.

They should be consumption of healthy fatty acids for spontaneous conception

Exercise is the major thing which should be performed regularly it makes us healthy and avoid many problems. So, do exercise regularly on average of about 30 minutes. You can also join yoga classes,
Zumba fitness classes, and aerobics.

Do not smoke.

Avoid consumption of coffee.

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