Common Skin Disorders
The skin diseases vary in severity and symptoms. Skin diseases may be permanent or temporary. They may be painful, icthy or painless. Some skin diseases are genetic some have underlying situational causes. Most of the skin diseases are minor may be life threatening.
Below is the list of some common skin disorders.
If you are suffering from any common skin disorder discussed below, do consult your doctor.
Acne commonly develops on face, shoulders, upper back, neck and chest. Acne breakouts on the skin are pimples, whiteheads, blackheads and deep painful nodules and cysts. If left untreated acne leave scars and dark spots.
Blisters are characterized by clear and watery fluid filled area on the skin. Blisters that are smaller than one centimetre,are termed as vesicles. Blisters that are larger one centimetre are termed as bulla. Blisters can develop anywhere on the body.
Cold Sores –
Cold sores are painful, red and fluid-filled blisters that develop on lips and mouth. Before the sores are visible the affected area burns or tingle. The outbreak is mostly accompanied by flu like symptoms such as body ache, low fever and swollen lymph nodes.
Carbuncle is painful red and irritated lump. It may accompany body ache and fever and can cause the skin to ooze or crust.
Actinic keratosis –
This skin disorder is less than 2 centimetres. It forms scaly and crusty skin patch. Commonly it appears on the part of body that are exposed to sun such as hands, face, arm, scalp and neck. Mostly it is pink in colour, but may have grey or brown base.
It is a chronic skin disease. It goes though the circle of relapse and fading. Alcoholic beverages, spicy foods, stress, sunlight and intestinal bacteria may trigger relapse. The common symptoms of rosacea includes red and raised bumps, skin dryness and skin sensitivity and facial redness.
Psoriasis are scaly and silvery defined skin patches. They are commonly located on knees, elbow, lower back and scalp. It may be asymptomatic or itchy.
Eczema are white or silver scaly patches that flakes off. It causes the affected area to become itchy, red, oily or greasy. The affected area develops rash and hair loss.
Wart is caused by different types of virus termed as human papillomavirus. Wart is found on mucous membrane or skin. It may occur in groups or singly. It may be contagious or non-contagious.
Vitiligo is caused due to immune destruction of the cells that leads to loss of skin pigment. It may be focal, segmental or may lead to premature greying of facial hair or scalp.
Contact Dermatitis –
It happens a few hours or days after the contact with the allergen. It leads to rash with visible borders. The skin becomes red, itchy, scaly and raw. Blisters may appear that ooze, weep and become crusty.
Keratosis Pilaris –
Keratosis pilaris is a common skin condition that commonly affects arms and legs. But, it may also develop on buttocks, trunk and face. It leads to slightly red and bumpy skin patches. It gets worse in dry weather. This condition often clears by the age of 30 by itself.
Ringworm are circular scaly rashes. The edges of the ring spreads outward but the skin in the middle of the ring appears healthy and clear with raised border.
This condition mostly affects children and babies. The rash appears around the chin, nose and mouth. The fluid-filled rash and blisters pop easily and form a honey-colored crust.
The skin disorder discussed in this article are not life-threatening. Still, if you suffer from them do consult a doctor.
Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta: Professionally a homeopathic doctor and a dietician Dr. Ritu Kumari Gupta is passionate about writing health and parenting blogs. She believes in holistic approach towards health and well being.